(1) Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning. The student understands how place value is used to represent whole numbers. The student is expected to:

(A) use concrete models of hundreds, tens, and ones to represent a given whole number (up to 999) in various ways;

(B) use place value to read, write, and describe the value of whole numbers to 999; and

(C) use place value to compare and order whole numbers to 999 and record the comparisons using numbers and symbols (<, =, >).

(2) Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning. The student describes how fractions are used to name parts of whole objects or sets of objects. The student is expected to:

(A) use concrete models to represent and name fractional parts of a whole object (with denominators of 12 or less);

(B) use concrete models to represent and name fractional parts of a set of objects (with denominators of 12 or less); and

(C) use concrete models to determine if a fractional part of a whole is closer to 0, ½, or 1.

(3) Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning. The student adds and subtracts whole numbers to solve problems. The student is expected to:

(A) recall and apply basic addition and subtraction facts ( to 18);

(B) model addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers with objects, pictures, words, and numbers;

(C) select addition or subtraction to solve problems using two-digit numbers, whether or not regrouping is necessary;

(D) determine the value of a collection of coins up to one dollar; and

(E) describe how the cent symbol, dollar symbol, and the decimal point are used to name the value of a collection of coins.

(4) Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning. The student models multiplication and division. The student is expected to:

(A) model, create, and describe multiplication situations in which equivalent sets of concrete objects are joined; and

(B) model, create, and describe division situations in which a set of concrete objects is separated into equivalent sets.

(A) use concrete models of hundreds, tens, and ones to represent a given whole number (up to 999) in various ways;

(B) use place value to read, write, and describe the value of whole numbers to 999; and

(C) use place value to compare and order whole numbers to 999 and record the comparisons using numbers and symbols (<, =, >).

(2) Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning. The student describes how fractions are used to name parts of whole objects or sets of objects. The student is expected to:

(A) use concrete models to represent and name fractional parts of a whole object (with denominators of 12 or less);

(B) use concrete models to represent and name fractional parts of a set of objects (with denominators of 12 or less); and

(C) use concrete models to determine if a fractional part of a whole is closer to 0, ½, or 1.

(3) Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning. The student adds and subtracts whole numbers to solve problems. The student is expected to:

(A) recall and apply basic addition and subtraction facts ( to 18);

(B) model addition and subtraction of two-digit numbers with objects, pictures, words, and numbers;

(C) select addition or subtraction to solve problems using two-digit numbers, whether or not regrouping is necessary;

(D) determine the value of a collection of coins up to one dollar; and

(E) describe how the cent symbol, dollar symbol, and the decimal point are used to name the value of a collection of coins.

(4) Number, operation, and quantitative reasoning. The student models multiplication and division. The student is expected to:

(A) model, create, and describe multiplication situations in which equivalent sets of concrete objects are joined; and

(B) model, create, and describe division situations in which a set of concrete objects is separated into equivalent sets.